The National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) as a sub-mission of National Health Mission (NHM) was approved by the Cabinet on 1st May 2013. The Mission envisages to address the health concerns of the people living in slums of urban areas. Also convergewith various schemes relating to wider determinants of health like supply of safe drinking water, sanitation, school education, etc. implemented by the Ministries of Urban Development, Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Human Resource Development and Women & Child Development etc.
Under this programme, support is provided for strengthening of the health infrastructure and engagement of Human Resources in identified health facilities. To enhance community participation in health, a community health volunteer ASHA is promoted anda community based unit, named as Mahila Arogya Samitys (MAS) are formed in between 50-100 households.
The programme also address the peculiarities of urban health needs which constitutes non communicable diseases(NCDs) as a major portion of the burden of diseases
The NUHM focuses on the following points-
In Assam, NUHM has covered 14 nos of City/ district headquarterswith a population of above fifty thousand. These are follows- 1.Kamrup Metro 2. Cachar 3. Dibrugarh 4. Nagaon 5. Bongaigaon 6.Dhubri 7.Goalpara 8. Jorhat 9.Karimganj 10.Lakhimpu 11.Sivsagar 12.Sonitpur 13.Tinsukia and 14.Karbi Anglong.
Presently 1336 urban ASHAs are working with 634 nos of MAS at community level in the aforesaid districts.
The Mission is striving to put in place a sustainable urban health delivery system for addressing the health concerns of the urban poor.